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June Troops and tanks from the People’s Liberation Army open fire on protestors in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, killing approximately 400-800 people 1990 February 11 Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison after more than 27 years in prison.
August 2 Iraqi troops invade Kuwait, marking the beginning of the Gulf War.
1996 March 13 Unemployed Thomas Hamilton opens fire on Dunblane Primary School in Scotland, killing 16 pupils and one teacher, before committing suicide June 10 Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin July 5 Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be successfully cloned from an adult cell, is born at the Roslin Institute in Midlothian, Scotland 1997 31 August Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi Al-Fayed are killed in a car crash in the Pont de l’Alma road tunnel in Paris.
June 30 Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone is released by Bloomsbury Publishing July 10 British scientists report that their DNA analysis findings from a Neanderthal skeleton support the out of Africa theory of human evolution.
The story will not become public until November 1969 April 4 Martin Luther King is assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, sparking several days of riots Aug 21 Several thousand Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia in reaction to the Prague Spring October 17 African American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos perform the Black power salute as they collect their Olympic gold and bronze medals for the 200 metre race.
21 December Pan Am Flight 103 explodes over the Scottish town of Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway and kills a total of 270 people - including all 259 who were on board.April 15-18 500,000 music fans travel to Bethel, New York for Woodstock festival June 30 The Nigerian government bans all Red Cross aid to Biafra, leaving four million people facing starvation July 21 American astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to set foot on the moon September 1 Muammar al Gaddafi and his revolutionary army officers sieze power of Libya from King Idris October 5 The first episode of Monty Python’s Flying Circus airs on the BBC 1970 Jan 22-23 The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its first commerical flight from New York to London, with Pan Am November 12 Bohla cyclone strikes Bangladesh and India’s West Bengal, killing between 300,000 and 500,000 people 1971 January BBC Open University begins in the United Kingdom February 15 The United Kingdom and Ireland switch to decimal currency March 26 Sk.Mujibur Rahman declares the independence of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) July 3 Jim Morrison, leader of The Doors is found dead in his bathtub in Paris, France December 2 Six Persian Gulf sheikdoms found the United Arab Emirates 1972 30 Jan 26 unarmed civil rights protestors and bystanders are shot by members of the Britsh Army during a Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Derry.October 26 The last natural smallpox case is discovered in Somalia leading the WHO and the CDC to name the date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox 1978 25 July Louise Joy Brown, the world’s first test tube baby, is born in Oldham, Greater Manchester Nov 29 918 members of American cult, the People’s Temple, are found dead from cyanide poisoning at the Jonestown commune in Guyana.A note left by cult leader Jim Jones explains the deaths as suicides but survivors claim that he forced the group to drink a soft drink laced with the poison 1979 January 8 Vietnamese regular forces take control of the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh, overthrowing Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge regime and ending four years of genocide January 16 The Shah of Iran is driven into exile by supporters of Ayatollah Khomeini following a mass protest by millions of Iranians across a number of cities.